2021.09.19 18:35 ghelex_k How can I avoid seeing my ex on dating apps?
Earlier this year, I I (29F) ended a 5 year relationship. It was amicable, overdue, and involved me moving out to a new place 5 mins away. I think I'm ready to fire up the dating apps but I really don't want to see my ex on any (it'll just make me sad). As we still leave close to each other and we're close in age - it's super likely we'll see each other if we're on the same app. Is there any way to block certain people off apps? If I go on at work, which is further away, could I avoid seeing him? Will the app track my data and match me with people close to my home? Basically anyone got any tips and tricks on how to do this.
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2021.09.19 18:35 ShermanPratt_7 Cowboy Boots Country
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2021.09.19 18:35 middleqway What are your thoughts on the Three Marks of Existence?
In Buddhism, the three marks of existence are three characteristics of all existence and beings, namely impermanence, non-self and unsatisfactoriness or suffering. That humans are subject to delusion about the three marks, that this delusion results in suffering, and that removal of that delusion result in the end of suffering, is a central theme in the Buddhist Four Noble Truths and Noble Eightfold Path.
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2021.09.19 18:35 rm9108 Which WR to leave out from lineup? PPR redraft
2021.09.19 18:35 LineIntelligent67 hey come check out Discord with me https://discord.gg/kKRZspKSpN
2021.09.19 18:35 ZummerzetZider Octopus Energy 🐙🐙🐙 £50 for signing up!
Hi! Sign up to Octopus Energy 🐙🐙🐙 and receive £50 account credit (withdrawable if you have enough to cover your bills in there). Octopus Energy is an award winning energy supplier with amazing customer service. You can sign up, get the bonus and then change back to your old provider.
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2021.09.19 18:35 Alvian_Robotics I(m23) think I’m either becoming or have been being an abusive partner to my fiance(f23)
Lately I’ve been having frequent conversations with my fiancé where one of us have ended in tears. And as I look back or have pointed out to me, are very clear signs of abusive or controlling behavior. Comments on spending habits, small put downs, not being supportive of large life goals. She has moderate depression(a common victim of abuse because they feel unable to leave for fear of finding no one else). I genuinely think I’m gaslighting her cause I’ll say things and then I’ll justify them with “I was just trying to protect you!”
One example was a few months ago she really wanted to try and get a YouTube channel going, ad it was something she had talked about for a few years was super excited and the like. But I started to make a few comments about how difficult it is to do, and how few people actually manage to succeed. She never managed to upload a single video because she was so off put and she keeps beating herself up over it.
Even as I write this, the conversation is slipping from my mind about all the things I’ve said and done that have hurt her and I’m thinking I’m in the right once again. But I can feel that this is wrong. I love her, but I keep hurting her. I look back and see all the red flags mentioned in relationship posts all the time, laughing like that could never be me because IM too nice for that. So why do I keep doing it? That’s not the person I want to be. What do I do…?
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2021.09.19 18:35 gatormanboy Starting again help
I am an old apex player and i played for like a year from the first day it dropped and im just now getting back on. I noticed that i just suck and dont really know how to play the game. What should i be doing to get better and what should i focus on to enjoy this game??
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2021.09.19 18:35 awesomeosaurus Pc won’t post. CPU debug light on.
Pc won’t post. CPU debug light on.
I have had this problem for a week now. Original build was B550 tomahawk, ryzen 5600x, 32gb trident neo 3600 with xmp on auto, 1tb wd blue m2 nvme and 5600xt.
Pc was stable for nearly a year with no overclocks. It randomly shut down and would not post. Lights turn on fans spin cpu debug light stays on. Peripherals and monitor unresponsive. I removed everything and attempted to post with just cpu, no luck. I then went through the steps and could not narrow it down.
I have now replaced several parts to a new psu (850w gold plus), a x570s tomahawk and a ryzen 5850. The new build posted and ran great for 2 days. I benchmarked with pass mark and everything was great. I ran windows memory diagnostic with no errors.
Last night it shut down again and now won’t post. I’ve tried with no ram, one stick in dimm2. Tried both. Removed all peripherals and everything. Refuses to post. I’ve reset the cmos several times to no avail. I’m at a loss now. The only constant between the builds is the ram and the storage and gpu. It’s always just the cpu debug light. If anyone has any ideas I am open thank you
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2021.09.19 18:35 spaceknight99 Nap time for my Chihuahua
|submitted by spaceknight99 to DOG [link] [comments]|
2021.09.19 18:35 MauriceKing123 Fun fact: Lifeline has 3 drones.
2021.09.19 18:35 footwit "Юнайтед" вырвал победу против "Вест Хэма"
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2021.09.19 18:35 FuzzyDunloppin Someone find that closer camera angle!! 🙏
|submitted by FuzzyDunloppin to BeckyG_Media [link] [comments]|
2021.09.19 18:35 Swiss_Cheese9797 I added control bones to a rig in blender, is there a way to omit bones from export/import?
As I understand, adding bones change the skeleton and that's an import No-no. Is there an option to omit bones, or am I going to have to just bake animation?
submitted by Swiss_Cheese9797 to unrealengine [link] [comments]
2021.09.19 18:35 watsonkujo Are there current rosters for Xbox 360?
2021.09.19 18:35 Editingesc Super happy with how this one came out.
I'm happy to provide product info or techniques if anyone wants it.
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2021.09.19 18:35 s0urcreamand0nion Thinking about those times people were acting flirty around me and I never noticed
I mean they were acting like they were into me, and I'm pretty sure they were at the time. But they were both gay so I don't really want to lead them on so even if I did notice it would never work 😔
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2021.09.19 18:35 External-Jump-6302 Marrmor och marrfar
|submitted by External-Jump-6302 to stamsite [link] [comments]|
2021.09.19 18:35 lolpolice88 The trick of the British is to lie, murder, steal and put all the Stolenwealth in the name of their Monarch. All Stolenwealth Freehold land is leased from their Queen and exploited by Aristocrats & Crown. Colonials systemically loot it. USA covets it. China threatens their racket. Is this Justice?
Is this Justice series
Pākehā granted name suppression three times as often as Māori
Te Aniwa Hurihanganui, Long form journalist@teaniwahuri [firstname.lastname@example.org](mailto:email@example.com?subject=P%C4%81keh%C4%81%20granted%20name%20suppression%20three%20times%20as%20often%20as%20M%C4%81ori)
An Auckland couple who breached lockdown to go to Wānaka have thrown name suppression into the spotlight. RNZ can now reveal startling statistics about suppression.
Photo: RNZ/Vinay Ranchhod
William Willis and Hannah Rawnsley, now known as 'The Wānaka couple', only had name suppression for the briefest time, before they let it lapse and apologised for breaching Auckland's Covid-19 lockdown and heading south. But it was enough to make name suppression a talking point.
Now, RNZ can reveal that Pākehā are granted name suppression three times as often as Māori, even though Māori are charged and convicted with more crimes.
Last year, Māori were charged with 43 percent of crimes but only accounted for 17 percent of the interim and final name suppression granted, an RNZ analysis shows.
Pākehā were charged with 36 percent of crimes, but accounted for 65 percent of interim and final name suppression, Ministry of Justice figures show.
Photo: RNZ / Vinay Ranchhod
These figures do not include automatic name suppression granted to protect the identity of victims.
Auckland criminal lawyer Fletcher Pilditch said it seemed to be easier for certain types of people to convince a judge that being publicly identified would cause them extreme hardship.
"You've got to establish a hardship beyond the hardship that is ordinarily associated with being identified as a person who is facing criminal charges before the court. There's no hard and fast rules about what extreme hardship might look like but often the grounds relate to the ability of the person to continue in some form of employment or professional capacity," he said.
"Tragically, many Māori offenders appearing before the court are coming from a background of hardship and challenge and deprivation. I don't see that as triggering the sort of consideration that courts normally consider when they consider extreme hardship."
Photo: RNZ / Vinay Ranchhod
Pilditch questioned whether the "extreme hardship" test was broad enough to enable the Courts to consider the significance of a Māori defendant's reputation within their whānau or wider whānau network, as opposed to professional or public reputation considerations which came up often in name suppression cases.
Fletcher Pilditch. Photo: NZ Herald / Rotorua Daily Post
"I don't know whether the [extreme hardship] test is being applied to take into account questions of mana and how your own whānau or hapū are going to respond to these allegations, and your feelings about that being known within the wider group.
"If your offending is a product of coming from that impoverished environment and having all of those challenges in life, then you're unlikely to be a person who also has the sort of reputation and standing that needs to be protected with name suppression."
The Ministry of Justice does not collect data on unsuccessful name suppression applications so it is impossible to tell whether Māori are applying at the same rate as other ethnicities and being turned down, or are applying less.
Read more from Is This Justice?
University of Canterbury Dean of Law professor Ursula Cheer said the figures should be explored.
"I think there's a good place for some more work to be done in this area by some good criminal justice researchers."
It was possible the statistics indicated bias was at play, she said.
"In theory, of course, they shouldn't be biased, but wherever a judge has an ability to exercise discretion, it is arguable [there can be bias]."
Chief Justice Helen Winkelmann doubted the disparity reflected a bias by judges, but she would not rule it out.
"As a judicial leader I can't overlook the possibility it also reflects unconscious bias on the part of the judiciary and for that reason we educate judges to try to address that. We have to really strive as judges to be consciously impartial as we sit in judgement and that requires us to know about our own weaknesses."
She accepted that wider societal factors could not be ignored and may be contributing to the disparity.
"The person comes into the courtroom with all sorts of disadvantages. They may carry with them previous convictions, they may not be in a job, not have a family relationship, all the sort of things that are taken into account in name suppression."
Quentin Duff Photo: RNZ / Rebekah Parsons-King
Quentin Duff, a Māori barrister from Auckland, had confidence in the integrity of judges and their decision-making.
He agreed with Winkelmann that bias or prejudice are probably not major factors in the disparity.
"My experience with the judges that sit there is that they're colour blind and apply interim suppression in the interest of justice," he said.
"The courts apply that extreme hardship standard pretty harshly. It's not an easy threshold for anybody to meet, quite frankly."
Cheer said it was also possible the statistics reflected inequities in access to quality legal representation.
"It takes a tenacious and really strong lawyer to keep arguing about suppression. Suppressions are supposed to be granted exceptionally, they're not meant to be granted easily. So you do have to make good strong cases to get them.
"Having access to a good lawyer, and being able to pay a good lawyer to do that for you is obviously an advantage. So the ability of a defendant to get a good lawyer and pay that good lawyer is relevant and may impact on whether you get a successful order or not."
Pākehā are more likely to be able to afford a private lawyer because they earn more income on average than Māori. A 2018 study on income disparities found at every age Māori received a much lower average income than the general population. Māori aged 40 to 60 earned $10,000 less a year than their non-Māori counterparts.
The report said the disparity existed in part because one third of the working age Māori population have no qualifications and over half have lower skilled jobs.
Photo: RNZ / Vinay Ranchhod
Name suppression rules were tightened in 2011 following public anger that it had been granted to a raft of well-known figures and celebrities.
Pilditch said far fewer people had been granted name suppression since, but the demographic of successful applicants remained unchanged.
"So the test was elevated to extreme hardship to make it really difficult to get name suppression, but when you look at the cases it's still sports people, celebrities, people with standings. It seems to be the same cohort of people getting name suppression, albeit there's less of them."
- Data analysis by Farah Hancock
📷Te Aniwa Hurihanganui, Long form journalist@teaniwahuri [firstname.lastname@example.org](mailto:email@example.com?subject=Revealed:%20Who%20is%20being%20discharged%20without%20conviction)Coronavirus: Jail for mum who escaped isolation to visit body of kids' dad
A discharge without conviction can spare a person guilty of a crime years of struggle and stigma. RNZ can reveal Pākehā are granted more each year than any other ethnic group.
Photo: RNZ/Vinay Ranchhod
Paora Manly* was a 21-year-old law student, living off a student loan and occasional te reo Māori teaching work, when he got drunk one night at a party and hit another guy over the head with a box of Tui.
The guy had been flirting with Manly's girlfriend. A friend egged Manly on, telling him to teach the guy a lesson. "Don't be a pussy," he said.
That's when Manly picked up the nearest box of beer and ran after the guy, who had just left the party, and hit him so hard he lost his footing. The boy, his head marked with cuts from the blow, managed to get up, and run away down Wellington's Dixon Street.
But Manly bumped into him again later that night at a brawl involving the two men's mutual friends. Police were called and Manly was singled out because of the beer box incident earlier in the night. He was arrested on the spot.
During the car ride to the police station, Manly's life flashed before him. He was a young, driven student, nearing the end of his degree, with strong friendships and involvement with his whānau, hapū and iwi, facing the prospect of a conviction. Through the car window, he watched strangers enjoying their Saturday night while a deep sense of regret settled in the pit of his stomach.
"I distinctly remember thinking, quite dramatically, 'I'm going to have to change my entire life, I'm gonna have to leave Wellington, probably pick up a law degree somewhere in Auckland.' It immediately overwhelmed me."
Read more from Is This Justice?
Pākehā granted name suppression three times as often as Māori
Later, he apologised to the guy he had hit; told him he should never have done it. But Manly remained so ashamed, he did not tell a single member of his whānau about the assault. He went to court alone, where a duty lawyer represented him on his first appearance, and a legal aid lawyer on his second.
Neither lawyer raised the possibility of applying for a discharge without conviction, which could have spared him a criminal record. Manly said he might have been aware the option existed but he felt so ashamed, he convinced himself he would be convicted regardless of what he did.
"In those earliest stages I made my own mind up that I had no case to argue. My lawyer didn't say anything to suggest anything different. I definitely was like, okay, I'm gonna get this charge, I'm gonna get convicted for it, so slap it on me and I'll deal with it."
Manly was convicted of assault with a blunt weapon. He left court relieved to leave the legal process behind, but the conviction would follow him, messing with his career and altering the course of his life.
Photo: RNZ/Vinay Ranchhod
If Manly was Pākehā, statistically he would have been far more likely to have left the courtroom without a conviction, but he is Māori.
Last year, 43 percent of all criminal charges were brought against Māori, but Māori were only given 24 percent of the year's discharges without conviction. Meanwhile, 35 percent of charges were brought against Pākehā and they received 35 percent of the discharges without conviction. Why are the figures so different?
There are three fundamental questions a judge must ask before they make a decision to grant a discharge without conviction, or what lawyers call a 'section 106 application': How serious is the offence? What are the direct and indirect consequences of the conviction for the individual? And are the consequences of conviction out of all proportion to the gravity of the offence?
Echo Haronga. Photo: Aaron Smale
Auckland barrister Echo Haronga, of Guardian Chambers, said an ideal section 106 applicant is someone who can clearly show how a conviction will affect their future potential. The threshold is high, so it's not enough to say their future potential might or could be affected.
"It might be to do with their career and employment opportunities, or a promotion within their current career. It could be within education, academia, sports, and roles which required travel," she said.
An applicant can also improve their chances by demonstrating how they will mitigate the seriousness of their offending prior to sentencing. They might do this by completing voluntary community work, repaying any financial harm, donating to a charity, giving an apology and addressing the drivers of offending through education or treatment, Haronga said.
The test appears straight forward, almost like a tick-box exercise; the more boxes a person can tick, the greater their chances of being discharged without conviction.
But Haronga said while the test is the same for everyone, people who are employed and earn a good wage are far more likely to do well. Those people, she said, are also more often than not Pākehā. That's because, on average, Pākehā earn more income than Māori at every age, according to a 2018 study. The same study found one third of working-age Māori have no qualifications and over half have lower skilled jobs.
"A person might use affidavit evidence, or support letters from people in the community of standing who can attest to the applicant's future potential. That's quite difficult if you've exited education early, and you might not have community contacts who could support your application," Haronga said.
"It's also quite difficult if you're not in the workforce at all because you don't necessarily have the support of a prospective employer or a current employer who can attest to the difficulties you might face in your career trajectory. It's also quite difficult if you're simply in low-skilled work because, generally speaking, convictions are not going to preclude you from retaining or entering that sort of job."
There's also the question of who has the capacity and means to undertake the application process.
"They have to do a bit of arithmetic and ask, can I afford to get a lawyer to represent me on this, which may be several thousands of dollars? Can I afford the days off work to attend court? Can I afford any additional childcare? Can I afford to spend the time doing voluntary work in my spare time?"
"Generally speaking," Haronga said, "people from large whānau have a lot of commitments, particularly around child care and caregiving for elderly relatives. They don't necessarily have time in the evenings, where they can go and volunteer at a charity."
Asked whether the system privileges wealthy people, Haronga said that's a fair assessment.
Photo: RNZ/Vinay Ranchhod
Associate Professor Khylee Quince, from Auckland University of Technology's law school, agrees. She said having quality legal representation can dramatically improve a person's chances of obtaining a discharge without conviction. That's because a strong application takes time.
"The most likely to be successful applications are ones where a lawyer turns up, they've spent quite a bit of time with the client, and they say to the client, 'Look, you need to do something by way of an apology. You need to put together either a package of reparation, where you pay some money to a charity, or if there is an identifiable victim, you give some money to them, or you undertake a service sort of programme'," she said.
Khylee Quince Photo: Supplied
If someone can't afford a private lawyer, they may be eligible for legal aid, where the government helps to pay for a legal aid-approved lawyer to represent them. To qualify, a person can earn no more than $23,820 annually or $37,722 if they have a spouse or partner.
The amount of money a legal aid lawyer receives for a section 106 application can vary depending on the complexity of the case. For low-level matters, legal aid lawyers are guaranteed $200 to prepare for a sentencing hearing and an additional $250 to prepare any written section 106 application. They can apply for additional funding once the case is estimated to require work valued at 25 percent more than the fixed fee.
Quince said even if a legal aid lawyer secures $800 worth of funding, the work required to execute a strong application is worth a much greater amount than that.
"A lot of work has to go into a section 106 application. So the most successful ones are ones where lawyers are either being paid privately to put together an application for the judge or where a legal aid lawyer, out of the goodness of their own hearts, does far more than $800 worth of work."
When people cannot afford a private lawyer, but earn too much to qualify for legal aid, they have no choice but to represent themselves.
"Māori are much more likely than non-Māori not to have a lawyer and that doesn't stop a judge from considering an application for a discharge without conviction or for the judge to consider it without an application being made. But, to be honest, that doesn't happen very often," Quince said.
"Someone who is self-represented, they obviously haven't gone away and read the Sentencing Act, they don't know how to put that kind of advocacy application to a judge. So, therefore, you're much less likely to get it."
Photo: RNZ/Vinay Ranchhod
Chief Justice Helen Winkelmann accepts that many people who enter the justice system come from backgrounds of deprivation and disadvantage, which can impact their outcome.
"I think the statistics reflect, to a considerable extent, the fact that a lot of disadvantages that people carry through their lives come into the courtroom with them," she said.
"It comes in the form of whether they have legal representation, whether they have the kind of interests that the court normally looks to protect through name suppression but also through discharge without conviction. Family connection, employment, those are the kinds of things that are commonly raised when people seek name suppression or discharge without conviction."
She agrees the quality of a person's legal representation also matters, and that not every lawyer will suggest the option of applying for a discharge without conviction.
Helen Winkelmann Photo: Stuff Limited / Robert Kitchin
"[It can depend] on whether they have a lawyer representing them, a lawyer who thinks to make an application for name suppression or discharge without conviction and how well they put their case forward.
"So there's all that disadvantage which keeps on multiplying through the system and is carried forward and I have no doubt is reflected in those statistics."
She said the courts are now adopting the new justice model Te Ao Marama to try to address any inequities.
"The concept of Te Ao Marama is to ensure that those people who come into our court system have the opportunity for a fair hearing, so it relies on identifying any disadvantage that they have in terms of representing themselves or being heard or understanding what's going on in court processes."
Quince said there's no quick-fix to addressing these inequalities because they're largely associated with poverty, but one thing the government could do is stop slashing legal aid budgets.
"One of the things that lawyers have seen happen over the past decade has been the shrinking of the legal aid budgets. So, obviously, it's impossible for justice systems to address or solve poverty. But what they can do is that they can give people better access to lawyers and then to equal outcomes and justice at least.
"There's a postcode issue here too. You get unfair access the more remote you live and again, that's much more likely to be Māori. Good luck finding a legal aid lawyer in Ruatoria. Good luck finding a legal aid lawyer in the back blocks of Hokianga."
Auckland barrister Quentin Duff said far too many Māori, like Manly, fall through the cracks because they do not apply for a discharge without conviction when they first enter the justice system. Many do not take the consequences seriously enough, he said, or they believe that what they have or who they are are not worth fighting for.
"The number of times people are willing to just accept convictions in order to get things over and done with and to stop appearing in court because they're not thinking ahead to the consequences, including whether they want to travel or whether they want to go for certain jobs, [is astounding]."
The Ministry of Justice does not collect data on unsuccessful section 106 applications, so it's impossible to know for sure whether Māori are applying less often or being turned down more frequently.
"I loathe convictions," Duff said. "I loathe any of that for our people. And, honestly, I bite and I scratch and I kick to prevent even a single conviction, because I hate them… And yet, the number of times we get, 'Oh, whatever, I just want to get out of here'. It's not up to us to go, 'Well, no, no, no, let me fight, let me fight' because you can never guarantee a win."
Would Manly's outcome have been different if he had a private barrister like Duff who loathed convictions and suggested a 106 application rather than a legal aid lawyer?
"I was given her details and there was one point of contact where she said she needed to talk to me before this court date," he said.
"Basically, the first time I actually got to talk about the whole situation was when we were at court, waiting outside.
"Now, having grown up a bit, and seeing the services a lot of my colleagues and friends provide, particularly to their Māori clients, I definitely think my lawyer probably did the bare minimum. I definitely think if I had a Māori lawyer I might have got a bit more support."
Manly quickly realised how difficult it would be finding a job in law with a conviction hanging over him. He was required to disclose his conviction on every job application. "For a very long time, I wasn't even getting interviewed," he said.
In order to even get his foot in the door, Manly would call places advertising jobs before he even submitted his CV. It was almost like a pre-interview, he said. "I would contact those people and say, 'Hey, my name is so and so, I want to be here, I want to do these things, these are my passions, but I have a criminal conviction, so let me know if there's even a point in me applying."
It's these sorts of employment consequences - along with immigration limitations, travel options and even insurance eligibility - that judges must weigh when they decide whether to grant a discharge without conviction. Do the disparity in Māori and Pākeha section 106s reflect a bias?
Neither Quince or Haronga think it's that simple.
"I certainly do not discount those experiences and I'm happy to accept that they may well have happened. But I think there's greater issues at play here," Haronga said.
She has successfully obtained discharges without conviction for Māori clients and if she had detected bias against other clients she would have appealed the decisions. But the issues go beyond judges, she believes.
"I think it would be wrong to lay the disparity of these data points, simply as the bias of one decision maker. Across the justice system, we know that bias, whether it's unconscious, systemic, structural or overt, with racist motivation does contribute to disproportionately poor outcomes for Māori.
"That would include police officers making a charging decision and what kind of charge they lay, prosecutors in amending or altering charges in exchange for resolution or guilty pleas... duty lawyers and defence lawyers in providing advice to clients about the chances of achieving a section 106 could be influenced by bias."
Quince said she would never discount bias and racism influencing decisions in the courtroom, but she believes bias plays a greater role a step before a person enters court, when a police officer makes a decision to charge a person.
"The police are the gatekeepers here. So I think the point that needs to be made is that discharges without conviction are a sentencing option that is made by a judge in court, but almost all offending is gate kept by the police.
"The disproportionality is, really, people who face charges, that's where bias is most at play. The bias of choosing to charge one person who comes to the attention of the police versus another. The decision about two people who do a similar thing and come to the attention of the police, and the police decide to lay a charge against one and not the other. The next step is the level or the nature and level of the charge that they face."
First time offenders may be eligible for what's known as diversion, a scheme police operate in some circumstances when the offender agrees to a set of rehabilitation conditions. The scheme operates outside of the court process and means offenders can avoid a criminal record.
But a study by justice advocacy group JustSpeak last year found Māori who encounter police, having had no prior contact with the justice system, are twice as likely as Pākehā to be end up in a court proceeding and seven times more likely to be charged.
Younger Māori were at even greater risk of being charged, with those under 25 years old four times more likely to be charged than Pākehā.
Helen Winkelmann said while bias was not an obvious factor in the disparity, she cannot overlook the possibility that it could be.
"Judges are human, they carry the kind of prejudices that aren't conscious, the kind of preconceptions that the rest of the population carries with them, and they have to work and strive to overcome that, and we attempt to give them the tools and the knowledge to do so."
She said judges actively undergo unconscious bias training.
Photo: RNZ/Vinay Ranchhod
Manly's whānau found out about his conviction by accident. The court sent a letter to his parent's address in Palmerston North.
"It was actually my grandmother who read it. She hit me up and was like, 'your parents don't know about this yet do they? You better bloody explain it to them'."
He is happy he did. He was ready to give up on his career, but his whānau encouraged him to keep going.
Not everyone is as fortunate. JustSpeak Director Tania Sawicki Mead said Māori who find themselves convicted at a young age can quickly spiral down the wrong path, their potential limited due to the consequences a conviction carries.
"What is the point of the justice system convicting you for this when it does absolutely nothing to provide a meaningful process of accountability, if that's needed, or address the reasons why you've ended up in front of the court in the first place?" Mead asks.
"There's so many people out there with convictions for low level drug offending, for example, and that conviction is the thing that holds them back for the rest of their life, not the fact that for a time in their life they struggled with drug addiction or harmful use."
Manly has never been in trouble again and because seven years have passed since his crime, under the Clean Slate Scheme his conviction is now concealed and cannot be detected by anyone searching his criminal record. He's happier, employed but believes the justice system needs to change.
"It's not set up for any type of meaningful rehabilitation or reparation. It's not actually there to fix any issues. It's a punishment system," he said.
"I know that for lot of people in the same situation as me, who didn't have the whānau support that I had or who didn't have the sort of background in education - a lot of those people would not have been able to get out of that slump in the same way that I did."
\name has been changed*
Data analysis by Farah Hancock
It was revealed this week that Pākehā are granted name suppression three times as often as Māori. However, the Dean of the Law School at AUT Khylee Quince says there are a number of factors that contribute to the large disparity.
Quince (Te Roroa, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou) points to the fact that Māori are less likely to have a private lawyer and believes Māori are less likely to apply for name suppression because of the high bar required to have name suppression granted. But that does not mean there is not a problem.
“That highlights a much bigger systemic problem which is the broader access to justice issue," said Quince.
"That is pretty well known that those outcomes and whatever outcome you’re talking about - whether it’s name suppression, or the nature of charges, the level of charges and, of course, outcomes in terms of convictions and punishment - are much harsher for Māori.”
She also believes there are cultural elements at play with how judges interpret a Māori person's standing within the community when considering name suppression.
“The other sort of area of inequity or discrimination here, that again judges seem to take into account, is particular kinds of hardship," said Quince.
"Someone during the week quite rightly asked the question: Our judges would they consider say Māori rangatira, tribal leaders, people of significance or repute within our own hapori and their mana?
"Is that the kind of hardship that judges have the ability to appreciate and understand and grant name suppression for? Rather than just leaders of industry, judges and important people from Te Ao Pākehā? That’s a different criticism and I think that’s a valid one,” she said.
The issue of name suppression was in the news this week when a couple who broke lockdown level 4 rules by going to Wānaka from Auckland were given interim name suppression.
Quince says interim name suppression is much easier to get, while there is a very high bar set for permanent name suppression, something Quince does not want changed, despite the seemingly low figures of Māori hitting that threshold.
“Name suppression is and should be difficult to get. Our fundamental starting point is the principle of open justice, that the community has an interest and a public interest in knowing who the people are who have been charged with or are facing criminal charges.”
Trespass notices given by police to protectors at Waiheke Island’s Pūtiki Bay were not legal.
Nine trespass notices were issued in early July barring protectors from the breakwater next to the construction zone for Auckland’s Kennedy Point marina.
The developer gave police authority to serve the notices – but was not its authority to give.
The notices have now been declared invalid and cancelled.
The rock breakwater curves out into the bay, with public access via a path. The area is controlled by Auckland Transport as it is adjacent to the Kennedy Point ferry terminal.
The breakwater has been central to the fight against the planned marina.
The rocks are home to kororā, little blue penguins, a protected species and taonga to Māori. Wildlife groups, expert and mana whenua have raised concerns the kororā could be harmed by the construction of the marina.
The breakwater has also been an access point for protectors to get to the sea, where they have stopped work by getting between the rocks and the workers.
Seeing this as a health and safety issue, the developers sought permission from Auckland Transport to fence off the breakwater.
In a statement to Stuff, Auckland Transport said it agreed the breakwater could be closed for short periods on weekdays, two daily 30-minute windows when the crane was in use.
Kennedy Point director Kitt Littlejohn said after the developer was told it could temporarily close access to the breakwater, “the company considered that it was entitled to trespass persons from this area”.
Auckland Transport disabused them of this notion via an email on July 8, after the invalid notices had been issued.
The trespass notices state Kennedy Point Boatharbour Limited (KPBL) is the “licensee and lawful occupant of the Kennedy Point breakwater”.
Auckland Transport told KPBL it had not granted a licence or other occupation rights for the breakwater.
The company was told it must not issue any other notices, “or make any other representation it has rights of occupation of the breakwater”.
Bianca Ranson, from Mauri o te Moana and Protect Pūtiki, was trespassed when a group of protectors were trying to stop the breakwater being fenced off.
She said they assumed the issues were “legit” because they had been issued by police, but she’s since been told by police the notice was invalid.
She questioned how police were able to hand out notices without first checking they were legal.
Police did not answer Stuff’s questions about what checks were done to ensure the developers had the correct authority.
Inspector Beth Houliston, from Auckland City Police, said the notices were served “on the understanding that a valid authority had been issued to KPBL by Auckland Transport”.
Police have now been issued a fresh authority by Auckland Transport so they can trespass people from the area.
The incorrect trespass notices have been cancelled, Houliston said, and no charges were laid in relation to the invalid notices.
Auckland Central MP Chloe Swarbrick said the revelations showed “there was not a legal leg to stand on as far as trespassing occupiers and Waiheke locals”.
The developers and protectors were consistently held to different standards, she said.
After altercations at the marina site, two protectors were charged with assault while no charges were laid against the developer’s staff.
The developer was “taken on their” word about its right to the breakwater, but the same benefit of the doubt wasn’t given to the protectors, she said.
There’s a “far higher burden of proof” placed on the protectors’ statements about the consent process breaching te tiriti o Waitangi, or the marina damaging the ecology of the Hauraki Gulf, she said.
That’s despite the courts stating mana whenua were not appropriately consulted, and reports highlighting the environmental threat posed by marinas.
https://www.stuff.co.nz/pou-tiaki/126385302/mori-more-likely-to-die-after-surgery-than-nonmori--studysubmitted by lolpolice88 to Maori [link] [comments]
No matter the surgery, Māori are more likely than non-Māori to die in the month that follows, a study of millions of procedures has found.
And institutional racism is “the head of the beast”, lead author and public health researcher Dr Jason Gurney (Ngā Puhi) said.
“The fact we have a system set up to work best for the majority means it’s not going to work well for the minority. We inherited a British medical system and any changes to that over the past few years have been incremental.”..
2021.09.19 18:35 ExtraviNull What happens to your emails if you don't renew ProtonMail plus for a long time are they deleted?
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2021.09.19 18:35 AspiringIsko12 I Can Grind 150+ SLP Per Day
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2021.09.19 18:35 DiscGiseOvaHair DoorDash Check Out, get ready!
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2021.09.19 18:35 xlr8n My 87 keeping company with my GTO.
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2021.09.19 18:35 lightiggy I Have Been Converted Into a Lifelong Stan
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submitted by eren-d to CryptoMarsShots [link] [comments]